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Oncological Urology

Created: 7/4/2005
Updated: 24/11/2006



  • The general pathology of cancer - its causes, development, invasion and spread; clinical features and diagnosis; tumour markers and related diagnostic and prognostic factors; the role of surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and immunotherapy and its treatment; the care of the terminally ill patient
  • The genetic basis of urological malignancies
  • The histopathology, presentation, investigation, assessment and management of a patient with renal cell carcinoma including the results of surgical treatment and an appreciation of the role of radiotherapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, endocrine therapy and embolisation
  • The technique of radical nephrectomy
  • Tumours which simulate renal cell carcinoma, their distinction and management
  • The role of partial nephrectomy in managing renal tumours
  • Von Hippel-Lindau disease and other conditions with which renal cell carcinoma is associated
  • Transitional cell carcinoma - its aetiology, pathology, staging, grading and progression including its presentation as an industrial disease
  • The chromosomal and molecular biological factors involved in the progression from normal urothelium to malignancy and on to invasiveness and metastases
  • The clinical presentation, assessment and management of transitional cell carcinoma
  • Invasive potential of superficial bladder cancer; its incidence, determination and prognostic factors
  • The surgical treatment of superficial bladder cancer and the role of intravesical chemotherapy
  • Industrial bladder cancer, occupations at risk and an appreciation of the principles of case control studies and other methods of investigation
  • The management of carcinoma in situ of the bladder
  • The surgical treatment of advanced bladder cancer and the role of radiotherapy
  • A general appreciation of the role of systemic chemotherapy in the patient with locally advanced or metastatic bladder cancer
  • A general appreciation of the techniques of orthotopic bladder substitution or continent urinary diversion as an alternative to ileal conduit diversion after cystectomy
  • The presentation, diagnosis and management of transitional cell carcinoma of renal pelvis and ureter
  • A general understanding of the aetiology, prognosis and management of squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the bladder
  • The aetiology, pathology, staging, grading, invasion and spread of prostate cancer
  • The epidemiology of prostate cancer, including geographical and racial variations in incidence, familial prostate cancer and an appreciation of current understanding of aetiological factors
  • The clinical features and presentation of carcinoma of the prostate
  • PSA; its role in screening, diagnosis and follow up of prostate cancer
  • T1 prostate cancer, with reference to incidental disease found at TURP and T1c disease
  • The investigation of prostate cancer including the appropriate use of PSA and a bone scan and other staging investigations
  • The management of early prostate cancer, selection of patients for radical prostatectomy, radiotherapy and watchful wait
  • The role of watchful waiting, hormonal treatment and radiotherapy in patients with advanced prostate cancer
  • The principles of endocrine therapy of prostate cancer
  • The treatment of metastatic prostate cancer
  • Appreciation of the inter-relationship between gynaecological and colo-rectal malignancy and the urinary tract
  • Pre-malignant lesions of the penis, the aetiology, histopathology, development, diagnosis and management of squamous cell carcinoma of the penis
  • The aetiology and classification of tumours of the testis with particular reference to seminoma and non-seminomatous germ cell tumours of the testis
  • The nature of tumour markers and their role in the diagnosis, management and follow up of patients with testicular tumours
  • The significance of carcinoma in situ of the testis and the role of contralateral testicular biopsy
  • Classification of and understanding of the management of testicular tumours other than adult germ cell tumours
  • The presentation, assessment and diagnosis and treatment of these testicular tumours including the role of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy
  • The principles of statistics with particular reference to trial design and studies of cancer treatment

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